US, Pentagon re-launches nuclear power: tactical atomic bombs as "deterrence against Russia"
The "Nuclear Posture Review", requested by Trump to revise the nuclear arsenal, is operational. The military summits reveal that Russia would have ready a destructive weapon from the never reached power of 100 megatons, transportable with submarines and able to provoke immense tsunami of radioactive water.
The new US nuclear strategy envisages the development of low-power nuclear warheads, even one kilotone (17 times less powerful than the bomb dropped on August 6, 1945 on Hiroshima) to perform 'surgical' attacks with a reduced number of victims, with the goal of damaging the enemy without necessarily triggering a "end of the world" thermonuclear retaliation.
This is the heart of the new US Defense plan, which in fact makes the use of the atom more likely, starting from the assumption that a device less powerful than current hydrogen bombs, on average 50 megatons, could be used with reduced risks of a total retaliation.
· BACK TO THE COLD WAR
In fact, we go back to an arsenal formed by missiles or warheads transported by super-powerful bombers and submarines to the so-called "atomic theater tactics", such as those available in the cold war, to be fired in an artillery projectile normal size.
· NUCLEAR POSTURE REVIEW
President Donald Trump underlines how the document (Nuclear Posture Review), arising from the verification he requested a year ago in the first days at the White House, "has its roots in a realistic assessment in the global security field, in the need to deter the use of the most destructive weapons in the world and our commitment to nuclear non-proliferation ".
· STOP TO REDUCING NUCLEAR WEAPONS
The new doctrine puts an end to former President Barack Obama's effort to reduce the arsenal . The policy now presented by the Pentagon provides for the introduction of low intensity tactical nuclear weapons and the reintegration into the arsenal of nuclear ballistic missiles launched by submarines (Slcm). The administration of George Bush father had put an end to the deployment of the Slcm, while that of Obama had ordered the removal from the arsenal.
· THE BOMBES IN EUROPE
The US already has an arsenal available that includes 150 model B-61 at European depots, of which 70 in Italy in the bases of Ghedi and Aviano, which can be modified to reduce its power. But the aims to achieve low-power ordnance launching from submarines and ships to no longer be forced to keep them in bases outside the United States. The new bombs, underlining the , will not be added to the existing ones but will replace them, starting from the assumption that many of those already available will be modernized and weakened.
· CHANGE OF ROUTE
The so-called "Nuclear Posture Review" outlines the ambitions of the under President Donald Trump and is the first reform since 2010, and represents a reversal to 180 degrees compared to the one outlined in Prague by the then president Barack Obama who aimed at reducing the arsenals and in the long run to the elimination of the atomic.
· THE ENEMIES
While the text underlines the concerns of the Trump administration for the threats posed by North Korea, Iran and China, the program focuses on the US enemy # 1 ever since: once the Soviet Union, now Russia .
"This strategy responds to the increase in Russian (military) capabilities and the nature of their doctrine and strategy," Defense Minister Jim Mattis explained in the introduction to the 75-page document. "Developments (of military capabilities) in addition to the conquest of Crimea and nuclear threats against our allies, which mark the decision of Moscow to return to the competition as a great power," added the general on 4-star leave of the Marine .
"We have substantial evidence that our current strategy is perceived by the Russians as potentially inadequate to stop them," said Greg Weaver, Deputy Director of Strategic Capabilities to the General Staff, who says "the US and NATO need a wider range of credible low intensity nuclear weapons to do one thing: to convince the Russian leaders that if they gave way to the limited use of atomic devices, in a war with the Atlantic Alliance, our response will deny them to achieve the goal they seek ( do not make us respond with the same type of weapons, ed) and impose costs that will exceed the benefits they aim "with their strategy.
· MISSILE AND BOMBS
The new document confirms the modernization of the nuclear arsenals that will continue to be based on the triad: intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBM) launched from the ground; intercontinental missiles (SLBM) launched by submarines and bombs dropped by strategic bombers.
· THE NEW RUSSIAN SUPERBOMB
It is precisely on the Russian nuclear armament, according to the American military summits, after the rumors the confirmation arrives. The is convinced that Russia is developing a new atomic weapon of immense power and impossible to intercept: known as 'Status-6 AUV', codenamed Kanyon, is a submarine drone the size of a mini-submarine capable of carrying a single device of the "monstre" power of 100 megatons, 2 times the "Zar bomb" (the most powerful ever detonated in the atmosphere by the Russians in 1961), whose existence Washington has been talking about since 2016. The Kanyon, if it were actually operative , it would be the final weapon.
· NUCLEAR TSUNAMI
This is what emerges from a report . The Kanyon is designed to explode a little off the coast of the enemy (primarily but also the western ones) to create an artificial tsunami, an abnormal wave of 500 meters high, a huge wall of water highly contaminated with cobalt-60 . What would not be destroyed by the power itself of the wave would be contaminated for years by the radioactivity released by the submarine deflagration.
The Kanyon in addition to being of unparalleled power, can not be stopped: there are no anti-missile systems (as in the case of an ICBM), or submarines able to detect it because from the marine point of view is 'stealth', ie invisible acoustically to the sonar detectors and acoustic buoys scattered on the bottom of the oceans.
Without crew, it can reach a depth of one thousand meters, where the US attack submarines (those that sink other submarines) can not reach, can travel at 56 knots (100 kilometers per hour) and can hit a target at 10 thousand kilometers away, like an ICBM intercontinental missile, but below the water surface, and therefore not detectable in any way. The Kanyon would have been designed to be transported and launched by the last Russian Oscar-class submarines, Belgorod, and Khabarovsk, of the Yasen class. Each of the two large submarines could carry up to 4 Kanyons.
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